The appearance of, and repairs to, the statue of Athena in the Parthenon. p As for the date of this internal colonnade, one is astonished to find that it is universally attributed to the time of the . William Bell Dinsmoor. Coin Depicting the Goddess Athena (Ancient Greek #) Date. BC – BC Credit Line. Gift of William F. Dunham. Fragment from Balustrade of the Temple of Athena Nike, Acropolis, Athens, William James Date: ca. Medium: Albumen silver print from glass negative.
W. B. Dinsmoor • Repair of the Athena Parthenos — AJA ‑ ()
A Legend in Greek American Education: Principal Athena Tsokou Kromidas - Hellenic News of America
The marble roof tiles of the Parthenon were evidently replaced in antiquity. Those which actually survive were executed in a technique quite foreign to the fifth century, the planes of the prismatic cover tiles, in particular, being merely cut with a saw instead of being worked with a chisel and rubbed smooth. The marble, too, is of a very inferior quality, filled with narrow parallel pink veins.
Together with these repairs of the roof we may associate traces of alteration in the east pediment. Carpenter suggests that an earthquake was responsible for the damage; but it should also be observed that this new cornice block lies directly below the middle purlin of the north half of the roof, and it is conceivable that a fire and the collapse of the roof construction might have developed a thrust which could have overturned the tympanum block and the statue before it.
Any fire that could have affected the roof must also have destroyed the wooden ceiling below; and the chances are that such a fire would have been carried by draft out through the great east and west doorways of the cella building, and would have badly injured the door enframements and particularly the lintels as was the case, on two successive occasions, in the north doorway of the Erechtheum.
But, just as in the Erechtheum the Byzantine repair of the north doorway was preceded by repairs of the reign of Augustus after an earlier fire, so in the Parthenon the Byzantine jamb linings were merely the successors of earlier repairs.
Old Temple of Athena - Wikipedia
The marble enframements of the original doorways were replaced by later substitutes, for which additional cuttings were prepared in the jambs, exactly as in the Propylaea. These cylindrical pegs occur on the inner face of the echinus toward the opisthodomos.
In Durm's opinion, they were repairs, for the attachments of patches, the capitals and epistyles having been injured during erection and therefore turned with their patched faces inward. These have evidently been intended as keys for plastering, for the purpose of making good the surface where injured by fire. The same holes occur near the bottoms of the inner faces of the second and third epistyles from the north, in the opisthodomos.
And since it would be inconceivable that any medieval builder would have restored these Doric profiles, we must regard these repairs as ancient, a solution which is indicated likewise by their technical characteristics. It is conceivable that such a fire would have injured the Doric internal colonnades of the eastern or Hekatompedon chamber.
Saint Nicholas William Spyropoulos PTA Honors Retiring Principal Athena Tsokou Kromidas
Fragments of the columns of the lower tier have been noted on several occasions. The method observed in fluting proves this column to have been of the Doric order, but it is to be observed that the lower part of the shaft was planed and not fluted.
Penrose notes that "the workmanship of the entablature seems to be all of one period," and it was certainly made for this place. But it also suggests a more weighty consequence. That we hear nothing of such a catastrophe in literature may be due, in part, to the gaps in our knowledge of Hellenistic Athens; but it may also be due to the fact that, the gold plates not having been restored, it did not mark a great economic disaster.
From the artistic viewpoint, however, it was a notable disaster: In seeking the answer to the first question, we are immediately struck by the enormous number of free copies and reflections of the statue in minor works of art, particularly during the eighty years after the original dedication, and so before the influence of Scopas and Praxiteles had supplanted that of Pheidias. Pediments[ edit ] The old temple of Athena had two poros pedimentsaround 15 m.
Athena: A Biography
The central figure depicts the goddess Athena wearing an aegis covered with scales and edged by snakes obtained from a monster she previously defeated.
She is thought to hit a falling Giant, whose foot is the only remain. Other remains ascribed to the temple include an entablature and sima of Parian marble and poros limestone, capitals with a steep echinus, a marble sculpture depicting a procession, and marble waterspouts in each of the four corners, shaped like lions' and rams' heads. The Xoanon statue was made out of olive-wood material. Other scholars[ edit ] The foundations of the Old Temple, visible in front of the Erechtheion The reconstruction of the temple's architectural history has remained controversial until recently.
He suggested to the Athenians not to have the location be a pile of rubble where the temple once stood because that could offend the gods. Herodotus  mentions a west-facing Megaron on the Acropolis.
This reference, as well as a structure listed in an inscription,  has been interpreted as evidence that the Opisthodomus of the Old Temple remained in place through the fifth century. Der alte Athenatempel auf der Akropolis. January 18, by Hellenic News By: Her smile and kindness impressed us.
Athena Kromidas, principal, educator, professor worked at William Spyropoulos School and created a legend. She helped generations of students.
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She will be missed by all. I will cover some of the major events that I attended in this article. The students of William Spyropoulos School created a unique handmade tapestry. This evening we gather to honor the one individual who is able to bring the best out of all of us at St. She is always present to help a child or parent. Kromidas will go out of her way to try and help. This unique person is known for working hard and aiding community causes anonymously.
Her education background includes: The educator has served as an adjunct instructor at St. She has aided the Greek Consulate in their education program. Unselfish, dedicated educators such as Mrs. Kromidas are the backbone of the parochial system of New York.