floral wealth; despite a long tradition of beekeeping in India dating back to BC, . of the sample beekeepers underwent training prior to start beekeeping as one domestic (Bombay, Delhi, Chennai and Bangalore) and foreign markets . Soon, swarms of honey bees envelop his fingertips. In fact, with training and some experience, anyone can become a Dating back about 3, years, this is the world's oldest sample of Infosys campus in Bangalore. File. Beekeeping/Apiculture refers to the keeping of honey bees in hives and of honey from hives of wild bees has a history dating to about years. Services Organization of Karnataka (TECSOK), Bangalore. . Under this scheme , short duration orientation training on beekeeping techniques are.
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Everything was exciting at first, a new job in a new city and plenty of friends.
But life soon settled into a machine-like existence. I woke up in the morning, took the bus to my office, where I spent the entire day and at times worked well into the night. It was not that I did not enjoy my work, but slowly a sense of dissatisfaction crept in. I felt no sense of accomplishment. City life lost its appeal. The novelty and excitement of the early days had worn off.
About two years into my job, I was offered a promotion.
I was given an opportunity to move to United States for a project. But by then, I was seriously thinking about quitting. I felt that this was the right time to make a decision. Do I take the onsite project and see where life takes me, or pursue something that would make me happy. After much thought, I decided to quit.
Finding myself a new career It took me almost two years to decide, what I eventually wanted to do with my life. I would not call this a period of struggle, it was a period of learning, understanding myself, and understanding society. When I decided to quit, I knew my parents would not understand. I moved in with some friends at Tiruppur.
I was looking for some low-investment ventures. I first entered into share trading. Within a year, I lost one lakh and decided to quit. Export was the next option. I stayed for a few weeks with another friend near Ernakulam in Kerala studying cuttlefish bone export; then researched turmeric, coir fibre and even some handicrafts.
I was looking into the export of honey, when I realised there is huge market for honey in our country. The more I learned about it, the more intrigued I became. I knew this was something I would enjoy doing.
A software engineer to beekeeper
The scientific beekeeper By then, however, I had exhausted all my savings. I borrowed RSfrom my friends and moved to Aravakuruchi, about 30 km from my village. I purchased all the equipment I needed. There was plenty of bee flora in the area and farmers in the district were more than happy to let me place my hives in their farms.
Pollination of bees actually helps boost crop yield by about 30 per cent with no additional labour or cost. Unfortunately, within weeks I encountered my first major problem.
My bees were struck by some disease and this was slowly destroying the entire hive and spreading to other colonies. I contacted many professional beekeepers, both traditional and those using the latest technology.
All of them suggested the use of antibiotics. I believe that natural honey should not contain any antibiotics.
Prolonged use of antibiotics for controlling or preventing the spread of disease in bees often results in accumulation of antibiotic residue in the honey produced.
I was looking for a solution without the use of antibiotics. I started a more comprehensive study on beekeeping. I researched on the problems faced by the beekeepers in our country, the pests and diseases that affect the bees and the reasons behind it. I understood that natural beehives are never infected by disease. It was only when man started to control it that these problems cropped up. We now needed to go back to the fundamentals; we needed to reverse everything that man did and mimic the natural environment that bees thrived in.
I slowly began to create the ideal environment for my bees -- well-aerated pollution free surroundings with a good water source. It took nearly a year for me to understand all the finer nuances of beekeeping. I had lost more than 65 per cent of my bees to disease, but steadily the numbers improved and I recovered them all. Apis dorsata is a wild bee and cannot be maintained in bee boxes. But, it is difficult to maintain in stationery beekeeping and in local conditions.
In order to popularise beekeeping, honey production and consumption the benefits need to be popularised among the farming community. In addition to this, the constraints need to overcome in order to successfully maintain bee colonies. The benefits of beekeeping are as follows: Bees help in cross pollination thus they increase the productivity of crops.
Proper utilisation of natural resources. Unemployed youth can start this business with minimal funds Three lakh man days to maintain, 10, bee colonies. Net income from bee colonies is around Rs. It helps in rural development and promotes small village industry. The Geographical area of Karnataka has been divided in to 10 agro climatic zones depending upon the rainfall, water resources, soil conditionsatmospheric temperature, etc.
Training for Honey Bee Rearing in Bangalore Karnataka
These zones have different cropping pattern due to above said climatic conditions. The climate and cropping pattern have major influence on beekeeping activity in the State. Beekeeping is prominently developed in hilly areas with forest due to availability of nectar throughout the year. The popular bee species in Karnataka is Apis cerana. It is suitable for rising in bee boxes for both stationery and migratory beekeeping, the honey yield will be lower than Apis mellifera bee species.
In addition to this, Apis mellifera, an Italian species is also practiced in beekeeping for higher yield of honey without the threat of swarming. It is suitable for migratory beekeeping because of very high feed requirement compare to Apis cerana and should be available throughout the year including off flowering season. Another species — Apis dorsata is the wild bee, not suitable for beekeeping in boxes. It is prominently noticed in case of oil seeds and vegetables.
It has major role in seed production in poly house.
Honey and other by-products like bees waxroyal jelly, pollens, propalis, bee venon, etc. Bee is the friend but not foe to mankind.
The Department of Horticulture provided funding for Apiculture development under Suvarna Bhoomi Yojane to purchase of bee boxes and bee colonies in the first year of implementation, which is continued during A budget provision of Rs. Bee boxes and bee colonies distributed at subsidised rates to the trainees at the end of the training to practice the activity commercially by applying the techniques studies during the training programme. Establishment of bee nurseries and production of disease resistant bee colonies in Madhuvanas for supplying to the farmers on regular basis.
To distribute bee boxes and colonies to the interested beekeepers. To popularise honey production and consumption through extension activities.
To create additional self employment opportunities in the rural areas. Terms of Reference To assess the effectiveness of Madhuvana and Apiculture scheme implemented by Horticulture Department.
To provide a snapshot of the economic contribution of Apiculture to the participating households, particularly on the small and marginal farmers.