RECOMMENDATION AND CONSERVATION PRIORITIES Collection of sediment samples and carbon dating could be applied for biomonitoring studies. Paleolimnological approaches could also be used to infer whether a lake has been. Cornered by the National Greens Tribunal (NGT)'s diktats on rampant lake encroachments, on the back foot over robust citizen activism, the. Keywords: place-making, Bangalore, lake conservation, interviewed was also indignant about young dating couples displaying affection in.
Enrol as a lake warden to save Bengaluru's lakes - The Hindu
The fact is that Bellandur Lake is being used as a sewage dump. Bangalore pumps out more a billion litres of sewage every day.ISRO to find new lakes in Bangalore
The lake has, after all, churned what was fed to it -- untreated sewage, detergents and toxic waste from unchecked small industries -- for decades. Bellandur Lake in many ways is archetypical of the fate of our water bodies in major metros and several smaller cities and towns that have outgrown themselves.
And without the necessary planned infrastructure to keep pace, lakes, streams and rivers become the first available targets in which to dump the residues of "development".
Remember 26 July ? Torrential rain and high tides inundated Mumbai. More than a thousand lives were lost and thousands more displaced. Mumbai was rudely reminded that it once had a flowing river and mangrove cover. The reality hit hard and too late. Large tracts of the mangroves, that act as a bulwark, had been swallowed by concrete and the Mithi River had turned into a thick, grimy, sewage cesspool, choked by plastic and toxins.
Post 26 July, public anger manifested itself everywhere. The alarming deterioration of the city was debated to its last penny, committees were formed and promises were made to change for the better. The press was invited each time a neta visited the banks of river to see "the extent of the problem".
That was in Exactly 10 years have passed since. Despite crore pumped into Mithi, an RTI query reveals not a single meeting has taken place in the last five years.
Bengaluru citizen groups come together to fight for lake governance | The News Minute
The change, or the lack of it, is evident in the tonnes of garbage, toxic waste and plastic bags that float, sink and reappear with the ebb and flow of the thick black waters.
In fact, the problem has only gotten worse. In the last decade, roads that historically did not flood are now water-logged each monsoon. Thanks to technology, text messages are sent out warning citizens to be alert each monsoon. But the root cause it forgotten, until the city sees another deluge. What Mumbai faced a decade ago is replaying in Chennai. The city was inundated all week, disintegrating under the downpour. The civic body was forced to call National Disaster Response Force for help.
Boats navigated into the city as cars stood submerged. A taxi company even introduced a boat service on its mobile app to ferry stranded residents. Helpless citizens waded through waist deep water or waved from terraces just to survive the storm.
Once again blind growth, choking the city's water bodies and catchment areas, has come back to haunt it. Over the years we've gotten accustomed to seeing images of the utter helplessness of the citizenry. Our anger at the system is usually momentary. But as the collapse of a civic system plays out again and again, perhaps we need to ask if we can really continue to exist in this manner. Delhi and Mumbai will be among the world's five most crowded cities; million more Indians will live in cities.
Internationally, cities are working hard to be future ready, while at the same time emphasising the importance of clean air, sustainable infrastructure, open spaces, recyclable waste management and a robust drainage and water system. Habitat destruction is very critical problem faced by the biotic species and hence, the habitat conservation is very essential for sustainable management of species diversity.
Over exploitation of fishing in breeding season should be reduced.
Habitat conservations for indigenous fish species and removal of exotic cat fish which not only leads to decline in native fishes but also affects human health with metal toxicities when consumed.
Study of aquatic food webs and the relationship between each organisms and overall productivity of the wetland is still unclear. Data collection on food web components e. Emphasis should shift from implementing expensive restoration methods Dredging towards sustainable use of lakes and wetlands algal growth for renewable biofuel production. Holistic and Integrated Approaches —Integration of the activities with the common jurisdiction boundaries of Government parastatal Agencies for effective implementation of activities related to management, restoration, sustainable utilization and conservation.
To minimize the confusion of ownership — assign the ownership of all natural resources lakes, forests, etc. This agency shall be responsible for protection, development and sustainable management of water bodies. Custodian shall manage natural resources - let that agency have autonomous status with all regulatory powers to protect, develop and manage water bodies.
All wetlands to be considered as common property resources and hence custodians should carefully deal with these ensuring security. Management and maintenance of lakes to be decentralized involving stakeholders, local bodies, institutions and community participation without any commercialization or commoditization of lakes. Integrated aquatic ecosystem management needs to be implemented to ensure sustainability, which requires proper study, sound understanding and effective management of water systems and their internal relations.
The aquatic systems should be managed as part of the broader environment and in relation to socio-economic demands and potentials, acknowledging the political and cultural context. Wetlands lying within the notified forest areas shall be regulated by the Indian Forest Act, and the Forest Conservation Act, Wetlands outside protected or notified forest areas shall be regulated by the relevant provisions of the Environment Protection Act, Immediate implementation of the regulatory framework for conservation of wetlands by the Ministry of Environment and Forests, GOI.
Formulation and implementation of the National wetlands policy both at state and at national levels. Prohibit activities such as conversion of wetlands for non-wetland purposes, dumping of solid wastes, direct discharge of untreated sewage, hunting of wild fauna, reclamation of wetlands.
Plant native species of vegetation in each lake catchment. Create new water bodies considering the topography of each locality. Establish laboratory facility to monitor physical, chemical and biological integrity of lakes. Maintain physical integrity - Free storm water drains of any encroachments.
Maintain and establish interconnectivity among water bodies to minimize flooding in certain pockets. The process of urbanization and neglect caused disruption of linkages between water bodies such as ancient lake systems of many cities.
Wherever such disruptions have taken place alternative arrangements should be provided to establish the lost linkages. Evict all unauthorized occupation in the lake beds as well as valley zones.
Any clearances of riparian vegetation along side lakes and buffer zone vegetation around lakes have to be prohibited Implement polluter pays principle for polluters letting liquid waste in to the lake either directly or through storm water drains. Appropriate cropping pattern, water harvesting, urban development, water usage, and waste generation data shall be utilized and projected for design period for arriving at preventive, curative and maintenance of aquatic ecosystem restoration action plan AERAP.
Proper restoration methods should be followed in order to keep not only the water but only the biodiversity and its ecological perspective in consideration. The restoration methods such as de-silting of lakes for removal of toxic sediment, to control nuisance macrophytes would remove the previous aquatic flora. Maintaining the sediment regime under which the aquatic ecosystems evolve including maintenance, conservation of spatial and temporal connectivity within and between watersheds.
Maintaining overgrowth of aquatic weeds like Eichhornia, Azolla, Alternanthera etc. They also serve as food and nesting material for many wetland birds.
Therefore, knowledge of the ecological role of aquatic species is necessary for lake preservation. Environmental awareness programmes can greatly help in the protection of the water bodies. There is also a need for management and conservation of aquatic biota including their health aspects. Traditional knowledge and practices have to be explored as remedial measures. Cost-intensive restoration measures should be the last resort after evaluating all the cost-effective measures of conservation and management of the wetlands.
A National Committee be constituted consisting of Experts, Representatives of Stakeholders researchers, industrialists, agriculturists, fishermen, etc. At regional level, Lake Protection and Management Authority LPMA with autonomy, corpus funds from plan allocations of state and center and responsibility and accountability for avoiding excessive cost and time over runs.
Generous funds should be made available for such developmental works through the National Committee. Local stakeholders should be suggested to generate modest funds for immediate developmental needs in the aquatic systems in their localities. Public education and outreach should be components of aquatic ecosystem restoration. Lake associations and citizen monitoring groups have proved helpful in educating general public. Effort should be made to ensure that such groups have accurate information about the causes of lake degradation and various restoration methods.
Frothing With Fury: Why The Toxic Foam Of Bangalore's Bellandur Lake Should Worry Us
Preparation of management plans for individual water bodies: Most large water bodies have unique individual characteristics. Therefore it is necessary to prepare separate management plans for individual water bodies. Greater role and participation of women in management and sustainable utilization of resources of aquatic ecosystems.
Regulate illegal sand and clay mining around the wetlands. Implementation of sanitation facilities: It was noted with grave concern that the water bodies in most of India are badly polluted with sewage, coliform bacteria and various other pathogens. In addition to this, all the settlements alongside the water body should be provided with sanitation facilities so as not to impinge in anyway the pristine quality of water.
Implementation of bioremediation method for detoxification of polluted water bodies. The highly and irremediably polluted water bodies may be fenced off to prevent fishing, cattle grazing and washing, bathing and collection of edible or medicinal plants to prevent health hazards. Based on the concept of polluter pays, a mechanism be evolved to set up efficient effluent treatment plants [ETP], individual or collective, to reduce the pollution load.
Polluting industries be levied Environmental Cess, which can be utilized for conservation measures by the competent authorities. The goals for restoration of aquatic ecosystems need to be realistic and should be based on the concept of expected conditions for individual eco-regions.