Take Anna Creek Station, a well known cattle station in South Australia, near Simpson Desert between Coober Pedy and Lake Eyre. Anna Creek Station is the world's largest working cattle station. It is located in the Australian Date, Cattle, Staff, Source. September , 16,? May , 16,, July , 13,? November , 4,? June , 1,, 8. May Anna Creek hydrography, contours, localities and some administrative boundaries. Please note the date of the map, as this will impact the currency of Bancannanna Swamp Dougals Railway Station No 4 Bore Moorambuna Tank.
Anna Creek Station - Wikipedia
Water may be supplied from a river, bores or dams in conjunction with rainwater tanks, electricity is nowadays typically provided with a generator if rural power is not connected, but solar electricity systems have become increasingly common. The Royal Flying Doctor service is available to most northern and western remote stations, charles Brown Fisher and Maurice Lyons, a Melbourne magistrate stocked Victoria River Downs in the early s. Buchanan was associated with the opening up and stocking of several stations in the Victoria River district.
The Gordon brothers and Nathaniel Buchanan took up Wave Hill on the Victoria River in and their nearest neighbour was miles away. By James Tyson, held 5, acres includingacres freehold. Sidney Kidman set up a chain of stations along the sources of water, from the Gulf of Carpentaria. Aborigines have long played a big part in the industry where they were competent stockmen on the cattle stations of the north.
In it was legislated that the Aboriginal workers were now to be paid cash wages, many cattle stations were established along the Great Dividing Range where only cattle raising was possible because of dingo attacks on sheep. Kunderang was one of the few Great Dividing Range stations which was inhabited, the isolated homestead here, was built of solid Australian red cedar.
Roads and communications were improved as a result of the War. Many of the Northern Territory cattle stations had previously owned by English companies who also did not pay tax in Australia 2. South Australia — South Australia is a state in the southern central part of Australia. It covers some of the most arid parts of the country, with a total land area ofsquare kilometres, it is the fourth-largest of Australias states and territories.
Other population centres in the state are relatively small, the state comprises less than 8 percent of the Australian population and ranks fifth in population among the six states and two territories.
The majority of its people reside in Adelaide, most of the remainder are settled in fertile areas along the south-eastern coast and River Murray. The states colonial origins are unique in Australia as a settled, planned British province. Official settlement began on 28 Decemberwhen the colony was proclaimed at the Old Gum Tree by Governor John Hindmarsh, as with the rest of the continent, the region had been long occupied by Aboriginal peoples, who were organised into numerous tribes and languages.
The first British settlement to be established was Kingscote, Kangaroo Island, on 26 Julythe guiding principle behind settlement was that of systematic colonisation, a theory espoused by Edward Gibbon Wakefield that was later employed by the New Zealand Company. The goal was to establish the province as a centre of civilisation for free immigrants, promising civil liberties, although its history is marked by economic hardship, South Australia has remained politically innovative and culturally vibrant.
Today, it is known for its wine and numerous cultural festivals. The states economy is dominated by the agricultural, manufacturing and mining industries, the state has an increasingly significant finance sector as well. Evidence of human activity in South Australia dates back as far as 20, years, with flint mining activity, in addition wooden spears and tools were made in an area now covered in peat bog in the South East.
Kangaroo Island was inhabited long before the island was cut off by rising sea levels, thijssen named his discovery Pieter Nuyts Land, after the highest ranking individual on board. The complete coastline of South Australia was first mapped by Matthew Flinders, the land which now forms the state of South Australia was claimed for Britain in as part of the colony of New South Wales.
Although the new colony included almost two-thirds of the continent, early settlements were all on the eastern coast and it took more than forty years before any serious proposal to establish settlements in the south-western portion of New South Wales were put forward. Inthe British Parliament passed the South Australia Actthe act stated thatsquare kilometres would be allotted to the colony and it would be convict-free.
In contrast to the rest of Australia, terra nullius did not apply to the new province, although the patent guaranteed land rights under force of law for the indigenous inhabitants it was ignored by the South Australian Company authorities and squatters. Settlement of seven vessels and people was made at Kingscote on Kangaroo Island. The first immigrants arrived at Holdfast Bay in Novemberthe Colonisation Commissioners intended to establish a police service as soon as misconduct within the increasing population warranted it 3.
Israel — Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.
The country contains geographically diverse features within its small area. Israels economy and technology center is Tel Aviv, while its seat of government and proclaimed capital is Jerusalem, inthe United Nations adopted a Partition Plan for Mandatory Palestine recommending the creation of independent Arab and Jewish states and an internationalized Jerusalem.
Israel has since fought several wars with neighboring Arab states, in the course of which it has occupied territories including the West Bank, Golan Heights and it extended its laws to the Golan Heights and East Jerusalem, but not the West Bank.
Anna Creek: A Cattle Station Bigger Than Israel
Israels occupation of the Palestinian territories is the worlds longest military occupation in modern times, efforts to resolve the Israeli—Palestinian conflict have not resulted in peace.
However, peace treaties between Israel and both Egypt and Jordan have successfully been signed, the population of Israel, as defined by the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics, was estimated in to be 8, people. It is the worlds only Jewish-majority state, with Israel also hosts a significant population of foreign workers and asylum seekers from Africa and Asia, including illegal migrants from Sudan, Eritrea.
In its Basic Laws, Israel defines itself as a Jewish, Israel is a representative democracy with a parliamentary system, proportional representation and universal suffrage. The prime minister is head of government and the Knesset is the legislature, Israel is a developed country and an OECD member, with the 35th-largest economy in the world by nominal gross domestic product as of The country benefits from a skilled workforce and is among the most educated countries in the world with one of the highest percentage of its citizens holding a tertiary education degree.
The country has the highest standard of living in the Middle East and the third highest in Asia, in the early weeks of independence, the government chose the term Israeli to denote a citizen of Israel, with the formal announcement made by Minister of Foreign Affairs Moshe Sharett.
The name Israel in these phrases refers to the patriarch Jacob who, jacobs twelve sons became the ancestors of the Israelites, also known as the Twelve Tribes of Israel or Children of Israel. The earliest known artifact to mention the word Israel as a collective is the Merneptah Stele of ancient Egypt. Northern Territory — The Northern Territory is a federal Australian territory in the central and central northern regions of Australia.
It shares borders with Western Australia to the west, South Australia to the south, to the north, the territory is bordered by the Timor Sea, the Arafura Sea and the Gulf of Carpentaria. Even a cattle station as large as Anna Creek Station normally runs about 17, animals during a good season. Kidman was thirteen when he ran away from his Adelaide home in with only 5 shillings in pocket and a one-eyed horse that he had bought with his savings.
Anna Creek Station - WikiVisually
His teen years, Kidman worked as a drover, stockman and livestock trader, and made money supplying services to new mining towns springing up in outback. Eventually he had saved enough to buy his own station. Sir Sidney Kidman Kidman began gobbling up one estate after another until he was the biggest landholder in the world by World War I. His family still owns more than 10 million hectares, or about three-quarters the size of England. With a herd ofcattle, S.
There are at least nineteen cattle stations in Australia whose size exceeds 10, hectares.
Anna Creek Station
Four of them exceeds 15, hectares. These cattle stations are so large and the grazing area so spread out that it takes weeks to round up all cattle during the mustering season. Back in the old days, cowboys used to ride out in horses gathering up cattle.
Today light aircraft is used for spotting animals which are rounded up by stockmen on trail bikes.